You may be aware that all rugs are made up of knots, but did you know that when it comes to oriental rugs, generally three different types of knots could be used?
Senneh knots, also known as the Persian Knot is an asymmetrical knot that is used by many weavers in Iran, India, Turkey, Egypt, and China. This knot is created by looping the yard around two warp strands and allowing only a single warp strand to be completely encircled. The yard is then passed behind the adjoining warp and the weaver makes sure the two ends have a single warp dividing them. The knot is then wrapped in either direction and dependent on the direction, weavers refer to them as being open either on the right or the left.
This style of knot allows for a higher density of knots and because of this, more detail in the designs. Fine detail and complexity are signs of a Senneh Knotted rug. When used with silk, beautiful and intricate designs can be created and the rug is feather soft to the touch.
Ghiordes knots, also known as Turkish knots have their origins in you guessed it, Turkey. These symmetrical knots are created by taking the yarn and wrapping it across two adjoining warp strands. It is then pulled back through both warps and then drawn through the center so that both ends emerge from between the same warps.
This type of knot is characterized by very secure pile constructions which allows a strong consistency throughout the rug. Because of the consistency, this knot is used for thicker rugs. These single knots are used by Anatolian and Caucasian groups in Turkey along with a number of other Turkish and Kurdish tribes in Iran.
A Jufti Knot is created when a knot is placed over four, instead of two, warp threads. The weft is then placed in one or more rows. These rugs can be both symmetrical and asymmetrical. Rugs composed of Jufti Knots are usually less durable than rugs created with Ghiordes or Senneh Knots. A Jufti Knot rug tends to also look more shaggy and loose than the above knots.
When looking for a new rug, keep in mind that rugs created with these loose Jufti Knots should be less expensive then rugs created with the above knots. These rugs are prevalent in Khorasan rugs from Iran.
Knowing the difference between these three popular knot styles will better prepare you for your next trip to the rug store. If you’re interested in a new rug or would just like to browse some beautiful handmade art pieces click here.
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